Noah's Ark and the Ziusudra Epic

Sumerian Origins of the Flood Myth

by Robert M. Best

A reconstruction of a lost legend about Ziusudra (Noah) a Sumerian king whose river barge got caught in local flooding of the Euphrates River about 2900 BC.

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Ziusudra was king of the Sumerian city Shuruppak at the end of the Jemdet Nasr period about 2900 BC. A six-day thunderstorm caused the Euphrates River to rise and flood Shuruppak and a few   other cities in southern Sumer. The ark was a commercial river barge that was hauling grain, beer, and other cargo including a few hundred animals when the storm began.
     The runaway barge floated down the river     into the Persian (Arabian) Gulf where it grounded in an estuary at the mouth of the Euphrates River. Ziusudra then offered a sacrifice at the top of a hill. The word hill was later misunderstood to mean mountain by storytellers who falsely assumed that the nearby barge had grounded on the top of a mountain.
     This book reconstructs the original legend and focuses on what would be physically possible, technologically practical, and consistent with archaeological facts and facts about flooding in    the Euphrates River valley.
April 1999

Enlil Press
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PMB 318-325
Fort Myers, FL 33907-2136

Distributed by Eisenbrauns
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Eisenbrauns catalog

Ancient History/Mythology
6.25" x 9.25",   304 pages
Library binding (hardcover)

2 maps, 11 illustrations
throughout, glossary,
and index

Carton quantity: 20

ISBN 0-9667840-1-4

$38.00 US for singles,
$28.50 (25% discount)
for two or more

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1999 Enlil Press. All rights reserved.